The word ‘Sankranti’ means the movement of the sun into Capricorn. On Makar Sankranti, the sun enters new zodiac-sign of Capricorn or Makara. Most Hindu festivals are based on the lunar calendar, making the dates of festivals change every year. But Makar Sankranti is a festival which falls on the same day every year as it follows…
Makara Sankranthi is celebrated for three days. The first day is Bhogi. Bhogi Pongal in North india is known as Lohri. It is celebrated to mark the harvesting of winter (rabi) crops. The second day is Sankrathi which is dedicated to worshipping Surya (the Sun god), varuna (the rain god) and Indra (king of gods). The third day is Kanuma which is dedicated to cleaning cows, farm animals and farm equipment and also offering prayers to them for helping with a successful harvest season.
Lohri/Bhogi festival is celebrated on 14 January 2016. In South India Bhogi starts with Bhogi manta (Bonfire) in the early hours of morning. People light a bonfire, offer prayers to fire god discarding outdated things and ideas and welcome new things and new ideas to prosper. In the evening Bommala Koluvu (arrangement of images of Gods, toys and dolls) is arranged at homes.
Although, it is observed mainly in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, and nearby locations, its spirit can be felt all across India. Lohri is basically an agrarian celebration dedicated to fire (Agni).